Imagination of 70 years of refugee travel | Human Rights News:

As we entered 2021, there were 82.4 million people worldwide displaced by conflict or persecution.

Thirty million of them are refugees, the rest are internally displaced (48 million) or asylum seekers (4.1 million), according to the latest UNHCR data. report:“Almost half of these IDPs are children.

Fifty-five percent of the refugees come from three countries: Syria, Palestine and Venezuela.

“Everything else has ceased during the COVID-19 epidemic, including economies, but wars and conflicts, violence, discrimination and persecution continue,” said UNHCR Director Filippo Grandi.

Refugee travel in 2020

By 2020, 1.27 million people from 64 countries have become refugees. The infographic below shows how these people went through desperate journeys despite the additional challenges posed by COVID-19.

Africa accounts for more than a third of the world’s displaced people. By the end of 2020, at least 30.6 million people have moved across the continent.

By 2020, nearly 60,000 refugees had fled Ethiopia to neighboring countries following violence in parts of East Africa. In November 2020, fighting broke out in the northern Tigris region of Ethiopia, displacing more than one million people according to: International Organization for Migration.

In the Middle East, Syrian refugees continued to flee their country’s 10-year war, with almost 134,000 fleeing by 2020. Half of them (65,000) fled to neighboring Turkey, which is now home to the world’s largest refugee community. 3.7 million people. In the same year, almost a quarter (32,500) of Syrian refugees arrived in Germany.

Nearly 400,000 refugees in Latin America have fled Venezuela due to the political and economic crisis in the country. Of these, 139,000 were registered fleeing to Peru, 80,000 to the Dominican Republic and 60,000 to Brazil.

The United Nations has registered at least 29,000 refugees from Myanmar in Asia. Almost all of these refugees arrived in neighboring India (17,000) and Bangladesh (12,000).

At least 89,000 refugees in Europe have fled Azerbaijan to Armenia after 44 days of fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces in the disputed area of ​​Nagorno-Karabakh.

Across the Atlantic, by 2020, the United States will accept 8,500 refugees from 20 countries. Almost half of these refugees came from only three countries. Venezuela (1600), El Salvador (1200) և Guatemala (1,100). This is significantly lower than in 2019, when the country received 32,000 refugees.

In 2020, Canada received 7,500 refugees from 21 countries. The best countries of origin were Nigeria (1400), Iran (1,200) and Hungary (629). On the other side of the globe, Australia, in 2020 received only 956 refugees, mostly from Iran.

Where are the largest refugee camps?

Refugee camps are designed as temporary safe havens to meet the basic needs of refugees. However, many people end up living in these camps for decades. According to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Kenya. “Many IDPs spend more than 16 years in temporary refugee camps.”

The infographic below highlights the largest refugee camps around the world.

In: Kutupalong camp Bangladesh’s Cox Market is the largest refugee camp in the world. It was formed informally in the early 1990s after Myanmar’s Rohingya minority began fleeing pressure from them in Rakhine State.

In 2017, atrocities tore the state էին the camp had to expand significantly, reaching a capacity of approximately 800,000 people.

On March 22, 2021, a huge fire engulfed the Cox Bazar refugee camp. Fifteen people were killed and tens of thousands were left homeless.

Smoke rises from a fire at a Rohingya refugee camp in Balukhali. It destroyed hundreds of shelters and left thousands homeless. March 22, 2021 [Shafiqur Rahman/AP Photo]

In: Dadaab refugee complex Kenya consists of three major refugee camps: Hagadera, Dagalei ալfo, and houses more than 200,000 refugees near the border with Somalia. Dadaab was founded in 1991 after the Somali civil war and expanded in 2011 after a widespread drought and famine.

In: Kakuma refugee camp At least 150,000 refugees live in northwestern Kenya, mostly from South Sudan and Somalia. The barn was set up in 1992 after the arrival of thousands of Sudanese children fleeing the civil war.

In March 2021, the Kenyan government announced that it would close the Dadaab և Kakuma refugee camps by June 30, 2022.

Kenya said in March it planned to close two refugee camps with more than 400,000 people. [Tony Karumba/ AFP]

In: Za aatar refugee camp was established in Jordan in 2012 to accommodate Syrian refugees. Today it is the largest Syrian refugee camp in the world. The world’s first COVID-19 vaccine center opened in a refugee camp there in February 2021.

70 years of refugee travel

In 1951, the UN established the 1951 Refugee Convention, which was established to protect the rights of refugees in post-World War II Europe. In 1967, the conference expanded to address deportation worldwide.

The infographic below shows the 70-year journey of refugees from 1951 to 2020. The number of refugees has more than doubled over the past decade, from 15 million in 2011 to 30 million in 2020.

The plight of Palestinian refugees is the longest unresolved issue in the refugee world. On May 14, 1948, the British mandate for Palestine expired, beginning the first Arab-Israeli war. Zionist militants expelled at least 750,000 Palestinians. According to UNHCR, the number of Palestinian refugees in 1952 was 867,000. Today that figure is 5.7 million.

Afghanistan has been ravaged by four decades of war. The country was the scene of one of the last battles of the Cold War in 1979-1999, as Soviet troops waged a bloody guerrilla war against the Afghan Mujahideen. For the next decade, the county struggled. Just 12 years after leaving the Soviet Union, Afghanistan would be invaded again, this time by the United States. The largest number of refugees in Afghanistan was recorded in 1990, when it was reported that 6.3 million refugees.

Which countries accept the most refugees today?

6.7 million people: Syrians today are the largest refugee population, followed by Palestinians (5.7 million) and Venezuelans (4 million). As of 2020, 88% of the world’s refugees came from just 12 countries.

65% of the world’s refugees are accepted in only 16 countries. Turkey receives the most refugees (3.7 million), followed by Jordan (3 million) and Colombia (1.7 million).

Europe is home to about 1.2 million refugees in Germany, the highest number on the continent.

According to UNHCR, developing countries accept 86% of the world’s refugees.

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