Tehran, Iran – The head of the judiciary, Ibrahim Rice, has been elected The next president of Iran at a critical time for the country. Who is the Conservative leader? What are his positions?
Rice, 60, who enjoys widespread support from the conservative և tough revolutionary camp ափոխ its base, He will continue to serve as chief justice until he ousts incumbent President Hassan Rouhani in early August, as he’s stepping down to run for president.
Like Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the leader wears a black turban, which means he is a Sayyid, a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad.
Rice is being touted as a possible successor to 82-year-old Khamenei when he died.
Before the 1979 revolution
Rice was born in the northeastern Iranian city of Mashhad, a major religious center for Shiite Muslims, home to the shrine of the eighth Imam, Imam Reza.
Growing up in a foster family, Rice received her religious education, and at the age of 15 began attending Comey Seminary. There he studied with a number of famous scholars, including Khamenei.
When his education was upgraded during the presidential debate, he denied that he had only six grades of classical education, saying that in addition to his seminary education, he also had a Ph.D.
When he entered the influential Komi seminary years before the 1979 Islamic Republic revolution, many Iranians were dissatisfied with the rule of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was eventually fired.
Rice allegedly took part in some of the events that led to Shah’s exile, establishing a new caretaker institution under Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
After the revolution
After the revolution, Rice joined the prosecutor’s office of Masjed Soleiman in southwestern Iran. Over the next six years, he increased his experience as a prosecutor in a number of other areas.
A decisive event took place when he moved to the Iranian capital Tehran in 1985. After being appointed Deputy Prosecutor.
Human rights groups say that three years later, just months after the end of the eight-year Iran-Iraq war, he was part of a so-called “death commission” overseeing the “secret” executions of thousands of political prisoners.
Rice will become the first Iranian president to be targeted by US sanctions imposed in 2019 for his alleged role in the mass execution and the crackdown on public outcry.
Amnesty International has called on the leader to bring to justice those responsible for crimes against humanity.
After joining Khamenei’s supreme leadership in 1989, the leader continued to rise in the Iranian judiciary. He later served as Tehran’s prosecutor, then headed the General Inspectorate, then served as deputy chief justice for a decade until 2014, during which the pro-democracy Green Movement protested in 2009.
In 2006, as Deputy Chief Justice, he was first elected to the Assembly of Experts from South Khorasan, a body tasked with electing a successor to the Supreme Leader in the event of his death. He still plays that role.
In 2014, Rice became Iran’s attorney general, a position he held until 2016, when he rose again, albeit this time outside the judiciary, to be appointed by the Supreme Leader as the guardian of Astana-e-Quds. Razavi – a huge encouraging or charitable trust that runs the shrine of Imam Reza and all its affiliates.
In that capacity, Rice owned billions of dollars in assets and established ties with the religious-business elite in Mashhad, Iran’s second largest city.
Rice, who has two daughters, is the son-in-law of Ahmad Alamoloda, the leader of Mashhad’s long-running Friday prayers, known for his fiery ultrasound speeches, highly controversial remarks and ideas.
In 2017, Rice was nominated for the presidency for the first time, becoming the main candidate against Rohani, who was a moderate who supported the deal with the West. A nuclear deal with world powers that lifted multilateral sanctions over restrictions on the country’s nuclear program.
Rice’s ally, Mohammad Bagher hal alibaf, who became the speaker of a new tough parliament in 2020 amid widespread disqualification of reformist candidates, lost the election to Rouhani. With 73 percent of the vote, Rice received less than 16 million votes, or 38 percent.
After a brief retreat, the Supreme Leader appointed him Chief Justice in 2019.
In that position, the leader sought to strengthen his image as a staunch opponent of corruption. He conducted public trials, prosecuted figures close to the government, and the judiciary.
He also effectively launched his presidential campaign, traveling to almost all 32 provinces of Iran. During those visits, he often claimed to have brought a large factory back from the brink of bankruptcy by presenting himself as a champion of hardworking Iranians, promoting local business under US sanctions.
Rice moved the topic to his 2021 campaign, in which he made limited promises, as it was clear that no one could seriously challenge his presidency amid poor economic conditions, low turnout, reformers, and moderate disqualifications of moderate candidates.
While in the judiciary, the Signal messaging app was banned earlier this year after a huge increase in popularity, as was the Clubhouse voice chat app when it became widely available ahead of the election.
In Iran, all major social և news messaging apps are blocked, except Instagram և WhatsApp.
Economy և nuclear deal
When another candidate was ousted, Rice briefly discussed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), as the nuclear deal that former US President Donald Trump unilaterally rejected in 2018 is officially known.
Although he had previously opposed the deal, this time he said he would support it, like any other government commitment, but would form a “strong” government that would steer it in the right direction.
The sixth round of talks between Iran and the “world powers” continues in Vienna restore agreement If successful, it would lead to the lifting of US sanctions and the tightening of Iran’s nuclear program, as the country now enriches uranium to 63 percent, the highest ever.
Even as it approaches an interim agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency on June 24 to keep monitoring in Iran in place, negotiators say the sixth phase will not be the last. But there is hope that the deal can be revived before Raisi takes office.
At the same time, Iran’s 83 million people are suffering from high inflation, high unemployment, while the government is running a significant budget deficit, and is struggling to make COVID-19 the deadliest epidemic in the Middle East.
Raisi has promised to tackle inflation, create at least one million jobs a year, build new homes, provide special loans to first-time homebuyers who, in addition to establishing a new era of financial transparency, and fight corruption.
Hamed Mousavi, a professor of political science at Tehran University, says conservatives say bad governance by the Rouhani government has led to the current situation.
“So, according to this story, if this mismanagement is fixed, the economy will recover, but I think a lot of conservatives, at least internally, understand how much sanctions can be imposed,” he told Al Jazeera.
“I think it will go back to how flexible Rice will be in the negotiations. “One of the key points is who he will appoint for nuclear denial.”
One of the candidates is hardline Saeed al-Alili, the nuclear negotiator under former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who was one of seven candidates approved in the 2021 race and turned down in favor of Raisi.
According to Natasha Lindstead, a researcher at the University of Essex, the possible consequences of Raisi’s election on relations with the United States are uncertain.
“But the kind of rhetoric of the Iranian president sometimes influences the US response,” he told Al Jazeera.
“I see that Rice is somehow returning to Ahmadinejad, a more populist, authoritarian president. It was a time when relations with the United States and Iran were really tense,” he said.