UN suspends global arms embargo on Myanmar UN news

The UN General Assembly has stopped calling for a global arms embargo on Myanmar, despite a rare move to urge member states to “stop the flow of weapons” to a violent country after the February 1 coup.

The resolution condemning the coup also called on the military to “immediately end all violence against peaceful demonstrators.”

It was approved by 119 countries on Friday, with 36 abstentions, including China, Myanmar’s main ally. Only one country, Belarus, voted against. It was sponsored by 50 countries.

“We must stand up for the protection of all fundamental human rights, including freedom of expression, access to information, and peaceful assembly, which have been repeatedly violated by the Myanmar Armed Forces,” said Volkan Bozkir, President of the 75th UN General Assembly. announcement:

During the meeting, UN Special Representative for Myanmar Christine Schranner Burger also warned the 193-member body that “the risk of a full-scale civil war in the country is real.”

“Time is of the essence. “The possibility of a return to military power is narrowing,” said Schraner Bourgener, following a non-binding resolution by the General Assembly.

Hundreds of thousands of refugees are currently fleeing the violence after clashes between military and ethnic groups in the country.

The vote took place on the same day The Security Council requested that in addition to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s ongoing inspections in South Asia, that it monitor Iran’s compliance with “the steps required by the IAEA Board”, where the military ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi in February.

The resolution was not adopted by consensus, as was hoped, but by a vote, which forced all 193 UN member states to express their views.

In a story trick, Myanmar’s envoy to the World Body, Chiao Moe Tun, voted in favor of the text. He passionately rejected the coup, rejected the military’s claims that it no longer represented Myanmar. The UN still considers him a legitimate envoy.

After the vote, the diplomat regretted that it took three months for the resolution to be passed by the Assembly, that it was not clear about the arms embargo.

“The Invarians continue to operate in their real distorted reality, while ignoring calls for an end to the violence,” he said.

“People inside and outside the country are determined to end illegal military rule and to restore democracy.”

A “rare” step

Among the countries that abstained were Russia and Mali, where a second military coup took place less than a year ago. Iran, Egypt, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos և Thailand.

UN special envoy to Myanmar Christine Schranner Burgner has warned the United Nations that “the risk of a full-scale civil war is real in the country” after the February 1 coup. [Stringer/Reuters]

The UN General Assembly seldom passes resolutions condemning military coups or calling for restrictions on arms supplies to the target country.

“This is the widest and most universal condemnation of the situation in Myanmar so far,” said EU Ambassador to the United Nations Olof Skug.

“The EU is proud of the resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly. It sends a strong և powerful message. “It demilitarizes the military junta, condemns its abuse and violence against its own people, and demonstrates its isolation before the world,” he said.

The resolution also calls for the restoration of democracy in Myanmar and the release of all detained civilian leaders.

“We must absolutely create the conditions for the restoration of democracy,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres before the vote on the resolution, hoping that a “very clear message” would come from the General Assembly.

“Make it clear”

It asks Implementation of a five-point program developed by ASEAN in April including the appointment of an envoy from the bloc.

The text also calls on the military to allow UN envoy Burger to visit the country for the safe transfer of humanitarian aid.

At a closed-door hearing on Myanmar on Friday, Burgener briefed the Security Council. The diplomats told AFP that no joint statement was made at the meeting due to disagreements between its members.

The Assembly resolution “calls on UN member states to make clear the need to cease arms supplies to Myanmar,” Human Rights Watch said.

“Several months of atrocities committed by junta security forces and serious human rights abuses have shown why no government should send them a single bullet. “The UN Security Council must now extend its decision to impose a global arms embargo on Myanmar,” said Louis Charbonneau, UNHCR Director-General.

The resolution is an opportunity to “show that the world stands with the people of Myanmar, not the military,” who have committed “horrific acts of violence against civilians,” said Barbara Woodward, the British ambassador to the United Nations.

More than 860 civilians have been killed in a coup in Myanmar, according to the United Nations Association for the Support of Political Prisoners (AAPP).

Two people were killed on Friday when a military truck exploded near one of the offices of an army-backed political party in the country’s largest city, Yangon. Local media reported that a senior rescue official said six more people had been injured.

It is reported that a huge fire broke out in Moniva, the largest city in the Sonig region, although the cause of the incident was not immediately known.

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