Lima, Peru – More than most of the elected presidents, Pedro Castillo, the obvious new leader of Peru, must work with his transition team as quickly as possible.
On the one hand, the third wave of the coronavirus epidemic seems more likely in the Andean nation, which already has the worst COVID-19 mortality per capita in the world. A highly contagious version of Delta was recently discovered in Areguipa. Authorities tried to cut off Peru’s second city from the rest of the country.
On the other hand, Castillo, 51, a radical left-wing supporter whom no one, obviously including the candidate, expected to win, ran a tumultuous campaign, often contradicting himself, delaying for weeks by revealing that he even had a political team, claiming that he did not want his expert advisers to be “stigmatized” by the media.
Even many who voted for a village school teacher’s union leader in the impoverished Kajamarca district of the northern Andes question whether he is ready to take Peru out of the historic challenges of public health and economic crisis. July 28, the 200th anniversary of Peru’s independence.
However, no transition can begin until the unprecedented legal challenges of his opponent, Keiko Fujimori, the daughter of Alberto Fujimori, a prisoner imprisoned in the 1990s. He claims unreasonable claims Electoral “fraud”,
They come despite international election observers, including from the Organization of American States, praising the Peruvian electoral authorities for holding transparent, fair and just elections without significant irregularities.
Fujimori, 46, is seeking to oust nearly 200,000 ballots, mostly from the Andean slums, which were overwhelmingly cast in favor of Castillo. According to the official vote count, Castillo has a razor thin lead out of 40,000 votes of 18.8 million voters, but can not be officially announced President-elect until Fujimori’s challenges resolved. a process that can take weeks.
The stakes could not have been higher for Fujimori, whose father once used army tanks to shut down Congress before his regime collapsed amid allegations of electoral fraud and kleptocracy. He faces up to 25 years in prison for ordering extrajudicial killings. Now his daughter is awaiting her own trial for allegedly laundering $ 17 million in a “possible” long prison term if she does not receive the president’s immunity.
Critics have likened his tactics to rejecting former US President Donald Trump in the November 2020 election, which has the same detrimental effect on Peru’s fragile democracy.
Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online. Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online………………………………….
They launched a tsunami against the often racially motivated social media attacks on Castillo’s allies, journalists, and anyone else who questioned Fujimori’s tough bullet tactics, accusing them of being “communist” or even “terrorists.” This prompted Michelle Bachelet, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, to issue a statement condemning “hate speech and discrimination.” urging all Peruvians accept Castillo’s obvious victory.
“The Fujimorists created this idea of anti-communism as a front to allow people to let go of their racism,” Jose Ragas, a Peruvian historian at the Catholic University of Chile, told Al Jazeera. “Fujimori’s only solution is to die, taking everyone with him.”
When he is finally confirmed as the winner, as independent observers expect, Castilla’s task may be to steer Peru’s listing economy, to steer its depopulated society through an epidemic, even when many Peruvians doubt its legitimacy.
The country’s economy shrank by 11 percent last year, plunging millions back into poverty, including more than a million children. Although the outgoing government of interim President Francisco Sagasti has signed contracts for 60 million COVID-19 vaccines, less than 5 percent of the population of 32 million has been fully vaccinated.
But it remains unclear what direction the Castillo administration will send. He initially campaigned for his party, the Free Left Platform of Free Peru, which repeatedly quoted Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Fidel Castro, and nationalized large sections of the national economy. “There are no other poor people in a rich country,” was his campaign slogan.
Leading promises included contracts with foreign mining companies to force them to give up 70 percent of their profits, spend 20 percent of their gross domestic product (GDP) on health care, and education, a promise no economist takes seriously.
However, there is a possibility that Castillo will change his policy and choose a center-left cabinet.
He may have little choice if he wants to avoid a fruitless, dangerous controversy with a fragmented, populist, right-wing incoming Congress. Despite being the largest party, Free Peru will have only 37 lawmakers in a 130-member unicameral body.
However, he may also be ideologically more flexible than many non-members of Free Peru, whose presidency he won at the last minute after the party’s founder was barred from running for corruption.
“Identity politics in Peru is never far from the surface. “The ideological differences are much stronger in Lima than in the rest of the country,” Anthony Medina Rivas Plata, a political scientist at Santa Maria Catholic University in Arequipa, told Al aze Azira.
“Castillo’s rise is not because he is on the left, but because he comes from below.” He never said he was a Marxist, a socialist or a communist. What he is is evangelical. ”
But his religious beliefs can also pose a problem for his ability to govern. A social conservative, he opposes LGBTQ rights abortion, contradicting it with the progressive left, whose support he must be able to govern.
Diana Miloslavich, who heads the Flor Tristan Women’s Center, a feminist NGO, said: “I hope. He should form a broad coalition, gender issues should be part of it. They are not just for many of us on the left, but for those in the center. The demands made by Castillo must be included in the feminist agenda. “