The United Nations has called on member states to “stop the flow of weapons to Myanmar”, to release other imprisoned leaders in Aung San Suu Kyi, and to issue a symbolic but sharp global rebuke to the military junta of Min Aung Hlaing.
On Friday, the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution by a majority vote of 119 countries. Only one country, Belarus, voted against the resolution, while China, Russia and 34 other countries abstained. China has argued that external pressure could exacerbate the situation, but has not ruled out an arms embargo in the future.
The text is optional, and its language has been softened during negotiations with some of Myanmar’s regional neighbors. Diplomats and human rights groups say the efforts are nevertheless an attempt by the international community to isolate the junta at a time when some countries were pursuing ties with generals.
“This is a setback for the junta,” said Richard Gow, director of the UN International Crisis Group. “Generals and their allies will find it difficult to tell the world that their rule is now a fact of life that everyone must accept.”
UN Human Rights Watch Director Louis Charbonno said the UN Security Council should now “strengthen” the global arms embargo against Myanmar, given the “very strong” endorsement in the General Assembly on Friday.
The 15-member UN Security Council, whose decisions are binding on member states, discussed Myanmar on Friday but has not yet considered a arms embargo.
“Today’s vote seems to show that China has yet to join the junta,” Charbono said, adding that he hoped Beijing would not block the UN Security Council arms embargo.
Myanmar crisis’s overthrow of Aung San Suu Kyi’s government on February 1 after disputing it a crushing victory by the National League for Democracy in the November elections.
At least 865 people have been killed and more than 6,000 arrested since the coup, according to the Burma Prisoners’ Support Association, a human rights group.
The Myanmar military suppressed mass peaceful protests in the weeks following the coup. Violence has recently escalated to include troops, including urban anti-regime guerrillas or armed groups, in some ethnic minority countries.
The leader of Myanmar went to trial This week in Naypyidaw, where he faces a number of criminal charges, which, according to his lawyers and human rights groups, are designed to prevent him from seeking a job again.
Human rights groups inside Myanmar, civil society activists, have called on the United Nations to take steps to qualify the arms embargo as one of the steps taken by the international community to do all it can to stop the bloodshed in the country.
Until now, however, diplomats have thought that the Security Council resolution has little chance of being adopted by the permanent members. China և: RussiaMyanmar’s two major arms suppliers have veto power.
The vote comes as some of Myanmar’s neighbors clash with junta officials, angering anti-coup activists who want to isolate the world and deprive the junta of its income.
Asian, a 10-member Southeast Asian group belonging to Myanmar, held an online meeting of defense ministers this week, attended by a regime official, including US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin. Asian’s members split in a UN vote on Friday, with Brunei, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand abstaining, with a majority supporting Indonesia, Singapore and Vietnam.
The UN, China“և Asyan has all been the target of anti-coup protesters Asian’s flag burned at a protest rally in Yangon this week. The alliance agreed in April Five-point consensus The escalation of violence in Myanmar, however, angered the counter-coup by inviting Min Aung Hleing to an agreed-upon summit.