Coronavirus causes global rise in civil unrest. Report introduction |: News News:

The coronavirus epidemic has led to a rise in civil unrest and global political insecurity, according to the 15th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI) released on Thursday.

The Institute for Peace (IEP)’s annual report, the GPI, ranks 163 independent states և territories according to their level of peace է the world standard for world peace.

“This year’s results show that the average level of world peace has deteriorated by 0.07 percent,” the report said, noting that this was “the ninth deterioration of peace in the last thirteen years.

“However, the change in points is the second smallest in the history of the index,” he added.

According to the 2021 GPI, until the global conflicts and crises of the last decade declined, they were replaced by “a new wave of tension and uncertainty as the COVID-19 epidemic escalates.” ,

In 2020, the world witnessed almost 15,000 violent protests and riots. The damage caused a heavy price of about $ 15 trillion, or 11.6 percent of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP).

More than 5,000 of them were related to the epidemic, registered from January 2020 to April 2021.

In an interview with Al Jazeera from Sydney, Australia, IEP Executive Director Steve Killian said: “In 2020, there was a very small decline in peace. This was mainly due to the increase in the number of violent demonstrations and the level of political instability. ,

“Part of it contributed to the blockade of COVID-19 and the economic problems that followed.”

India, Eastern Europe, and the United States showed the best deterioration at that level as coronavirus-related restrictions grew.

According to Killea, the effects of the epidemic are mixed.

“Initially, we saw a decline in the number of murders and violent crimes when blockades were imposed. “But that changed after a while,” he said.

“It is too early to fully assess the long-term impact of the epidemic on peace,” the report said.

It is estimated that more than: two thirds Attempts have been made to block the population of the world for weeks, months.

According to the World Bank ratings:, the world economy shrank by 4.3% in 2020, wiping out trillions of dollars. Countries that were already experiencing economic hardship were more likely to be in debt.

Oxfam International report (PDF:estimates that the world’s poorest can spend more than a decade recovering from an economic downturn.

Most of the violent demonstrations

In general, however, the most violent protests in the past year took place in Belarus, Myanmar, Russia, the United States and Kyrgyzstan.

Belarus, a country of 9.5 million people who sees Russia as a security buffer against NATO, has been rocked by mass protests since Alexander Lukashenko’s presidential election last August, which he said he had won after the election. His opponents claim that the vote was rigged and want him to resign.

Myanmar is in turmoil after the army ousted the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi on February 1. Popular strikes, boycotts and protests have paralyzed the economy as tens of thousands of people have been displaced as a result of heavy fighting between military-ethnic minority rebels and the newly formed militias.

Afghanistan remains the most brutal country in the world for the last four years. According to the report, Yemen, Syria, South Sudan and Iraq are closely following it.

On the other side of the scale, Iceland has been the most peaceful country in the world since 2008. Together with New landland ելland, Denmark, Portugal and Slovenia, it is one of the five most peaceful countries in the world.

According to Killea, there has been an improvement in the number of people killed in violent clashes over the past year.

“The last two years have seen an increase in militarization. “But if we go back to the last decade, it was improving, which will probably continue for the next few years.”

Three regions were improved

According to Killea, only three of the nine regions covered by the institute have improved their level of peace over the past year.

“Looking at the nine regions covered, three have improved and the other six have deteriorated. “The biggest deterioration was in North America,” Killian said, adding that the deterioration was mainly due to the violence during the recent US election, the occupation of Capitol Hill, and the lives of the SS.

On the other hand, the biggest improvement occurred in the Middle East և North Africa (MENA), followed by Europe և South Asia, although the MENA region remains the least peaceful region in the world, according to the report.

At the same time, the country with the highest fear of violence was Brazil, “where almost 83 percent of Brazilians were deeply concerned about being a victim of a crime of violence,” the report said.

But the real experience of violence was greatest in Namibia, where “63% of the population has suffered severe damage from violence or [had] “It is known to someone who had it in the previous two years,” it says.

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