Lima, Peru – The official result has yet to be announced, but Pedro Castillo He seems to be the next president of Peru, but for sure.
The radical left will fight hard to unite the divided Andean nation, but the most pressing question will be whether to moderate its policies or insist on a Marxist policy in the manifesto of its Free Peru party.
These proposals include allowing Peru’s vast mining sector to leave 70 percent of its profits in the country, nationalize the media, and spend 20 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) on education and health. More than the country has ever collected for tax revenues.
With an estimated 18.8 million votes in the second round of the June 6 presidential election, Castillo has 50.15 percent of the vote. razor thin lead With more than 50,000 votes against his staunch supporter, Keiko Fujimori, daughter of imprisoned President Alberto Fujimori in the 1990s.
He shouted with lies. Although international observers were given a clean bill of health during the election, he hired some of Lima’s best lawyers this week to try to cancel 200,000 votes, mostly from the poorer rural areas of the Andes and the Amazon, where Castillo won, some with more than 80 percent support.
But Fujimori’s efforts, unprecedented in Peru’s electoral history, delayed the official announcement of the winner, but seemed to fail.
The Peruvian National Electoral Tribunal (JNA) gave a ruling on Friday that most of its challenges came after the legal deadline. He still plays with less than 40,000 votes, which is not enough to overturn the result.
However, the recent efforts of 46-year-old Fujimori, who faces a trial of “possible long-term” imprisonment for alleged money laundering, further fueled Peru after a split presidential campaign.
Many commentators have noted how his team of lawyers, which consisted mainly of white lawyers, effectively sought to disenfranchise indigenous mixed-race voters.
“It’s part of our political and legal culture, all this paperwork,” said Arturo Maldonado, a political scientist at the Pontifical Catholic University in Peru. “This is a candidate who has everything to lose, he uses these tricks in the tribunal for what he could not do on the pitch.”
Fujimori’s refusal He has likely raised the challenge of casting 51-year-old Castillo, the head of the state school teacher union, to run for office.
The two deeply unpopular candidates received only 13 percent և 19 percent, respectively crowded first stage, and the majority of Peruvians viewed the second round as a vote in favor of the candidate was considered less than two evils,
Without the experience of running for office, often in the run-up to the election campaign, Castillo will face a fragmented, right-wing Congress that is unlikely to sign its economic agenda, especially with some nationalization.
He will also face the risk of impeachment, with or without a reason. The outgoing Congress set that precedent in November last year removed The then President Martin Vizcara’s resignation on the basis of corruption allegations, which were not only not proven, but had yet to be seriously investigated.
“It is possible that Castillo is simply turning his back on Congress, trying to rule by plebiscite,” said Maldonado.
Another important question will be how Castillo approaches Peru’s anti-corruption struggle.
Both cases will serve as early litmus tests. The first is Keiko Fujimori, with prosecutors demanding 31 years in prison on money laundering charges, which he denies, and the second is Vladimir Serron, a former Cuban-educated surgeon who founded Free Peru.
Keron chose the lesser-known Castillo to replace him in the presidential election after he was barred from running in the presidential election on corruption charges. On Thursday, the court controversially overturned his sentence – a four-year suspended sentence. The judge is now being investigated. Եւ Creron, who many Peruvians say will be the driver of the Castillo administration’s defense, is facing another half of the fraud investigation.
Cerrón often made controversial comments, saying that he, not Castillo, was leading the campaign. The presidential candidate tried to put that in place, in one case insisting that his tutor would not even be hired as a “doorman” in his staff.
“Castillo must do much more to clearly leave Keron,” said Samuel Rota, who heads Transparency International Peru. “His presidency may have depended on it, but it also depended on his anti-corruption strategy.”
Hope for “enlightenment”
Meanwhile, the mood in Peru was tense as the country waited for the final result. Legal challenges are expected to be met next week, delaying the start of the transition phase Coronavirus epidemic continues to sweep the country.
Fujimori supporters picked up the offices of the election agency, ONPE և: JNE և ONPE’s head Interim president Inter president Francisco Sagasti has called on both sides to refrain declaring victory before the official result was announced, forcing some lawmakers to even criticize him for allegedly being biased against Fujimori.
Anna Luisa Burga, 46, a historian from Castillo, a native of Cacamarca now living in Lima, summed up the mood of many Peruvians who were reluctant to vote for Castillo and now hope the inexperienced apparently newly elected president will be able to take on a huge new role.
“I did not vote for him in the first round; I was not going to vote in the second round, but then came this wave of racism, class, discrimination. I decided that it was possible, including symbolism, to have a president like Castillo,” he said. To Jazeera:
“I still have doubts, I think it will be very difficult for him. But I just hope for his enlightenment, that he is surrounded by good people. ”