As the United States continues to clash over racial relations և symbolic symbols Allies: Countries enduring slavery in the 1860s are debating new approaches to perpetuating the memory of one of the most prominent rebel leaders, General Robert E. Lee.
On this day, points: Buildings, roads, monuments and institutions are named after Lee. Thousands of children are being educated in schools named after Lee; “Robert E. Lee Day” is still celebrated every January in several states, and the resemblance of the late general appears on the monuments of dozens of cities.
Lee, an ornate Virginia military officer who fought for the United States before the Civil War and married George W. Washington, was responsible for some of the Confederate more backward victories in the fight against slavery.
To some, Lee was a man who honestly maintained his allegiance to his native Virginia. For others, his decision to fight the federal government in an attempt to secede from the United States betrayed him.
But some are reconsidering their relationship with Lee or changing the way they approach a man whose legacy is still shared by Americans.
“What is happening in our communities should be decided not by people who died a long time ago, but by us today,” said Adam Dombin, a historian of the book False Deed, Falsehood, White Dominance in Allied Memory. Al aze azira. “There is a difference between learning about a civil war and celebrating a confederation. I think that’s the big difference we have to make.”
In June, many institutions agreed to reconsider their approach to Lee or to abandon his name altogether. Lee’s former home in Washington, D.C., reopened to the public after years of renovations that changed the focus of his life. Slaves; A school in Florida named after Lee left his name. The city of Charlottesville, Virginia, voted to remove his statue from public land. The Supreme Court of Virginia agreed to hear the arguments for removing the statue in Richmond. համալս Lee’s University talked about keeping his name in a heated debate.
“Lee has always had a special place in the national profile,” said Eric Foner, a Pulitzer Prize-winning historian of the Civil War. wrote: In The New York Times. “The decline and decline of his prestige reflects a shift in key elements of American historical consciousness: how we understand racial relations, the causes and consequences of civil war, the nature of a good society.”
Lee’s legacy was restored in the first half of the 20th century. He was mentioned in brilliant biographies, remembered as an institutional homonymous, remembered as a southern hero in public bronze stone shows. In 1975, members of the US Congress, including now President Biden, voted in favor of restoring Lee’s posthumous US citizenship.
But in recent years, as Americans began to reconsider their relationship with the vicious men of history, Lee’s image fell.
“It is difficult to establish a blanket rule, but Lee’s worship now seems more and more inappropriate,” said Alla aze Azeri Foner.
In Acks Exonville, Florida, last week, a district school board with several federal icons named after federal icons voted to rename them. One of Lee’s schools of the same name, which opened in 1928 as a separate institution, changed its name to Riverside High School.
The decision was made after five tedious school board sessions, which were filled with hours of discussion. Although many residents defended the name of the school, which he presents as his sports mascot, the General of the Confederation,PDF:) found that 59 percent of community members who attend school support changing it.
Virginia struggles with Lee’s legacy
Although Lee’s inheritance counts in many states, the controversy has been particularly heated in the state of Virginia, where he was born.
In Charlottesville, where white predominates on the march In 2017, the city council voted Monday to remove the statue of Lee from a local park Համ another statue of Confederate General Stonewall acks Ekson nearby. The members of the city council first proposed removing the statues in 2016, a step that led to years of public debate, legal challenges, demonstrations, both for and against the relocation.
“We look forward to transforming our city’s central parks by removing these racist symbols of Charlottesville’s past,” the council said in a statement.
In Richmond, Virginia, a former Confederate capital, the 13-tonne statue of Lee on horseback has served as a thunderbolt for years, but its role as a symbol of debate was heightened in 2020, when protests began around the world. George Cave Floyd,
Last year, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam called: to remove the statue, which is 18 meters (59 feet) high on the foundation, which is now covered with graphite. The state Supreme Court heard oral arguments this week.
Lee’s University, Washington,’s college in Lexington, Virginia, where Lee once served as president, this week turned down calls to remove Lee from school but agreed to take steps to change the institution. After months of discussions and more than 15,000 comments to the University Board, the school finally announced its decision.
“While we have been widely supported in advancing our commitment to diversity, to the University of Justice, we have not found any consensus on whether our university renaming is in line with our common values,” the university concluded.
The letter continued to apologize for the use of slaves in “Confederation of the Past”. The university diploma, which bears Lee’s image, will be updated without resembling him, and the campus chapel named after him will be renamed “University Chapel”. The school also pledged to stop the annual “Founders’ Day” celebration for Lee’s birthday.
After years of renovations, Lee’s former home in Arlington, Virginia, reopened to the public in June, but with significant changes to its historic buildings and billboards. The mansion, located in Arlington National Cemetery and operated by the National Park Service, received $ 12 million in restoration work, which now raises the stories of SLA slaves who once lived in the area.
The bookstore, formerly located in the slave districts, was moved to a non-historic building to tell the story of the plantation slaves to use the area.
“It was one of the main goals of this program. Slave People համար To enhance the history of the Arlington House Slave community, ”National Park Ranger Aaron LaRocca told Al Jazeera. “It simply came to our notice then. We bring them to the forefront. ”