Business

Insects crawl on the human diet


The Harry Wright range of cleverly packaged spices looks like an artifact that can be found in any food market or shopping cart. But they have a distinctive ingredient – minced, fried crickets.

“When crickets are mixed with herbs and spices, you can not taste, see or smell them,” Wright said, adding that “none of the vibrations of the ‘bush trial’ are there.” show where participants are made to eat the most insidious mistakes.

Wright hopes his business, the Short-Horn Super Seasonings, can help change public attitudes toward insect bites, which proponents say is the inevitable solution to the impending global food crisis.

As the impact of the agricultural system on the environment grows, entrepreneurs are rushing to develop new ways to feed the planet’s growing population. Insects are rich in protein և other important nutrients և can be reared on a scale with minimal impact on the environment.

At an early stage, the pace of investment fell behind the most attractive corners of agricultural technology, where start-ups that grow meat in plant-laboratory conditions have attracted venture capital, as well as public attention.

But the noise around the insects is growing. VC funding for the sector has been slipping since 2018, with $ 210 million in equity investments last year, according to the Dealroom Group.

The largest flows were start-ups, focusing on livestock, fish and animal feed.

The French InnovaFeed, which increases the number of flights of flying servicemen, raised $ 140 million in its last phase of funding. It has a strategic partnership with Cargill to supply fish, animal feed, and even flies manure for fertilizer.

Insect, another French business that raises mollusks և buffalo beetle worms used in pet food, fish feed և fertilizers, announced last year fundraising more than $ 350 million equity և debt.

Insects can replace grains, soybeans, fish, vegetable oils in animal, fish-fed pellets, providing essential proteins and other nutrients. They can be treated with organic agricultural waste և with minimal water.

Environmental concerns աճ ECG investment growth, as it’s recently regulatory approvals have opened the door to larger funding.

But in order to become a source of food for humans in Western markets, insects must overcome the iki factor.

Alex Frederick, an agro-food analyst at PitchBook, a corporate data provider at PitchBook, says negative perceptions of consumers in markets that have not traditionally consumed insects are a major barrier to adoption and growth.

Rabobank analyst Gorjan Nikolik says that if the functional and health benefits of insects are clearly established, they can “play an important role in food.” However, the bank’s latest report on the sector focused exclusively on non-human consumption of insects. “We had a lot of our customers say ‘I would not eat that,'” he explained.

Short Horn Founders Harry Wright և Matt Dean

Short Horn Founders Harry Wright և left և Matt Dean. Their range of spices includes crickets © Short-Horn

Even if pet food is the largest market for insect protein, some manufacturers reject insects. “Most people find insects disgusting, and some do not want their pets to eat them,” said Nikolik.

Rabobank estimates that by 2030, 200,000 tons of insects a year will be used in fish feed, or 0.4 percent of the water feed industry, and 150,000 tons in pet food, which is 0.5 percent of the total pet food sector. It expects that only 10,000-20,000 tons of insects will be used for human consumption.

But industry insiders believe that insects will play a role bigger role than some analysts predict.

“More and more people are starting to think about the consequences of their behavior,” said Key Aarts, co-founder and CEO of the Dutch group Protix. He added that 20 years ago, someone who spoke about stability would be considered an anti-capitalist, but now “most young people think about it. “I’m just blowing the whistle on how they look at their potential consequences to reduce their traces.” ,

$ M column chart showing VC investments in global insect farm start-ups

He thinks that the unfavorable reaction to insects can be overcome. “If you deliver delicious products with lower footprints, consumers will buy them.”

Some experts say that we have no choice but to eat insects, given the risks of climate change, soil erosion, pests and diseases to the global agricultural system.

“In the so-called West, consumers will have to include insects in their diets to ensure that their food is rich in essential amino acids, proteins and essential micronutrients such as iron and calcium,” said Asafzachor, a food research association. security at the University of Cambridge.

Like short-horn spices, it can be important to stay away from eating whole insects as ingredients or supplements.

Tzachor believes that recycled insects can be used in products such as pasta, porridge, pancakes to improve their nutritional profile, or to act as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents. “Soldier fly’s bullets contain protein and calcium,” he said. “Pollen of beetle dust contains zinc և essential fatty acids.”

Smaller volumes of insect-based human food can be offset by a higher cost և margin, some executives and investors say.

Aash Protix, a group of Dutch insects

A dish from Protix, from the group of Dutch insects © Protix

Insect investor Eric Arkhambo from Astanor Venture Capital says insects are like that nutritious և whose ease Insect proteins can be digested meant that they could be used in food for the elderly and infirm, who could struggle with the main product. Adding to the multibillion-dollar industry, he added, “these categories are appropriate, but they are a very big niche.”

In addition to food, researchers are testing other ways to use insects. Some researchers are studying the antibacterial properties of insects to increase the shelf life of food, while others are studying their possible role in solving environmental problems, for example, by raising them from cardboard to plastic waste.

Although it takes time to turn these technologies into large-scale commercial operations, “it is the potential that excites people,” said Nikolik.

The response to the launch of Short-Horn earlier this year suggests that perceptions are changing.

“We have already grown by 20%, we have had multiple customers,” Wright said. “People were really receptive, which was pretty shocking.”



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