Why does Mexico have the “roughest” cities in the world? |: Mexico

In 2020, he agrees report: Seven of the ten “most brutal” cities in the world were located in Mexico by the Mexico City-based Civil Security and Civil Justice Council.

The organization ranks cities with a population of more than 300,000 that have not been declared in conflict zones, based on a formal increase in premeditated killings.

The first was the city of Selaia in the central Mexican state of Guanajuato, with 109.38 homicides per 10,000 inhabitants, followed by Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez and Ciudad Obregon. Guanajuato’s Irapuato came in fifth and Baji California’s Ensenada came in sixth. The European in the state of Michoacan is in the eighth place.

Overall, 2019 և 2020 was the worst year for the country, with more than 34,000 premeditated murders reported each year. Many critics of Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) have blamed his “hugs, not bullets” policy for the bloody state of the drug cartel.

But while AMLO certainly deserves more than a little criticism, particularly for its outrageously offensive treatment of Mexico’s growing pesticides during the epidemic, it has not really created the current landscape of violence from the air.

For starters, although Mexico is certainly not officially classified as a global conflict zone, the country has had a hard time surviving since 2006 under the auspices of the US-backed “war on drugs” 12 years before AMLO took over the presidency.

About 300,000 people have been killed since the start of hostilities, and more than 77,000 have disappeared.

According to a hypocritical agreement typical of Mexico’s imperial neighbor, the United States is responsible not only for the demand for drugs, but also for the criminalization, which makes their profitability so profitable, first of all, creates such fierce competition. intersection

And as the capitalist system prospers through the spread of disputes, the marketing of superficial solutions to problems, the US response to the drug war on its southern border has been to throw a pile of money at a corrupt, violent Mexican. security forces, who are often in bed. with whom? – cartels.

Moreover, as the Washington Post 2020 article points out, the “US-backed royal strategy” to kill or capture cartel leaders simply by splitting criminal organizations multiplied rather than spontaneously ceasing to exist. having, as any distant person could have predicted

Now the number of armed groups continues to expand, and they have diversified their activities, including fuel theft, the sale of migrants, the sale of smuggled cigarettes, and the production of Fentanyl pills. The initial focus of the drug war on large cities is another factor that contributes to the spread of groups across the country as they fight for trafficking և areas, և Celaya, Guanajuato, as global epicenters of violence, the sudden emergence of.

Again, the Civil Security’s Criminal Justice Council examines only cities that do not fall within official war zones. But as luck would have it, a lot of the equipment used in the war regularly floods Mexico from the United States, you guessed it.

Another Washington Post article last year reported that the .50-caliber sniper rifle “used by US troops in Iraq and Afghanistan to strike targets nearly two miles away” was “accidentally sold” in the United States. tends to. “It is increasingly being used to target and intimidate Mexicans.”

The article says that in the last decade, about 2.5 million US weapons have flowed into Mexico illegally, and, accordingly, “the percentage of firearm homicides has increased.”

Counterterrorism wars, which mainly consist of civilian terrorism, then drug wars, which do the same thing, the imperial points seem to be quite well connected. Supposedly, the arms industry does not have many complaints.

The author of The War on Drug Capitalism, Down Marie Palley, sent me an e-mail. “Mexico’s militarization over the past 15 years has led to an increase in violence in the war on drugs,” is the same example we see in countries across the hemisphere, many of which experience more extreme violence than during the Cold War junta.

Of course, not all countries in the hemisphere have had the privilege of co-chairing the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which rapidly distributes millions of Mexican livelihoods on behalf of US agribusiness and other honest sectors while forcing many Mexicans to smuggle their own drugs. as the only viable economic option.

But as Paley pointed out to me, hemisphere “violence on this scale cannot be properly perceived as the result of criminal activity, the state’s response to it.” More precisely, he said, it should be understood as “a neoliberal war waged against the poor working class in the interests of maintaining more and more unequal social order.”

To be convinced that unequal social orders are great in terms of the eternal conflicts on which capitalism thrives. And the current violent Mexican panorama, in which cities like Selaya are transformed into real war zones, is part of a vicious but profitable cycle.

A May ABC News article quoted Christopher Landau, the penultimate US ambassador to Mexico, as saying that Mexican President AMLO had “actually adopted an” agenda of gentle treatment “which, according to Landau, was” quite disturbing to our government. ” for obviously “

But there are more worrying things there.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Al Jazeera.

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