Australia is home to some of the scariest creatures in the world. But no one is more destructive than the humble house mouse, whose plague spreads over vast areas of agricultural importance and terrifies the country’s population.
Farmers in the richest affected state of New South Wales have warned that the fruit could cost $ 1 billion ($ 765 million) in lost crop and poison bait. Residents of rural towns have been battling an army of wild house mice for six months, biting electrical appliances, contaminated water and even bitten patients in hospital beds.
Scientists say that over the years, favorable weather conditions could be strengthened against the plague drought երկրորդ The second largest grain harvest of the nation was registered.
Authorities have offered to “murmur” the mice by allowing farmers to use the toxic bromadilone against the mice, sparking heated debate over its environmental impact.
The $ 50 million mouse management package, launched this week, includes programs to develop mice for sterilization of mice and gene-driven technology for sterilizing wildlife.
“Mice are everywhere. “A few weeks ago, they bit the wires of our dishwasher and caused a flood,” said Xavier Martin, a grain farmer who lives near Gunedah in northeastern New South Wales. “And even as we speak now, I hear them swirling around a sad wall.”
He said the plague was threatening his winter crops, as well as the mental health of farmers who had been devastated by the devastating effects of drought, fires and floods in recent years, Covid-19.
Martin, who chairs the NSW Farmers’ Lobbying Group, said he was opposed to the use of bromadiolone because he feared it could kill wildlife that ate dead mice by secondary poisoning.
However, the NSW government has called for an “urgent approval” from the Australian Department of Veterinary Medicine to allow farmers to use bromadiol, a poison that kills by preventing blood clotting.
“It will be the equivalent of snake mice in rural NSW,” said Adam Marshall, NSW Agriculture Minister.
The dramatic footage, which shows mice dominating grain stores, fields and homes, has raised political interests for the state government. Plague of mice not only has costly consequences for farmers, but also threatens public health.
“No one ever forgets to live with the plague of mice,” said Steve Henry, an expert on mice at Csiro, Australia. “They fit in your house, in every closet, in your bed, in your storage, literally everywhere you go.”
Serious diseases can be transmitted to humans through mouse urine, including leptospirosis և lymphocytic choriomeningitis, which can cause meningitis-like symptoms.
Grain farmers living near Dubbo, New South Wales, Terry և Nicole Klanter is concerned about the risk of their children և contracting the disease.
“Mice in our workshops are literally in a hurry, so we have to keep telling employees to wash their hands, because the chance of getting sick is on everything we touch,” said Nicole.
Although thousands of mice were trapped and killed every day, he said.
Mice reproduce rapidly. A pair of mice can produce 500 cubs during the breeding season, which usually lasts from summer to autumn, said Henry.
It is difficult to predict how much the plague will affect mice, as it can end abruptly due to disease, malnutrition or cannibalism.
“When their food runs out, the mice start to connect the sick, the weak, they hunt the baby mice, the population is really rapidly crumbling,” said Henry.