Diplomats from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) diplomats are set to hold talks with Senior General Min Aung Hlaing as Myanmar enters its fifth month of rioting as the military took power on February 1 amid renewed EU sanctions.
According to a local monitoring group, Myanmar has been in turmoil since the coup and its economy has been paralyzed, with more than 800 people killed in violent dissent.
Brunei’s second Foreign Minister Erivan Pehin Youssef and ASEAN Secretary General Lim Ock Ok Hoy arrived in the capital Naipaidou late Thursday evening. A senior Myanmar official told AFP on condition of anonymity that he did not want to be named.
The ambassadors will meet with Min Aung Hlaing on Friday morning, the official added, and the army information group told reporters that it would release more information about the meetings soon.
ASEAN, which has 10 members, including Myanmar, has spearheaded diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis, but the group acts on the basis of non-interference and acts in accordance with the agreement. Observers questioned the effectiveness of his initiatives.
It was not immediately clear whether the envoys would meet members of the National Unity Government, which is largely a member of the failed Aung San Suu Kyi National League for Democracy.
“ASEAN diplomacy is dead as soon as it arrives,” Myanmar analyst David Mathison told AFP.
“The West will most likely support this visit by sending clear signals to Naipida that the coup is successful.”
The United Nations on Thursday announced a swift change to its citizenship laws that would pave the way for the Muslim-majority Rohingya to be recognized as a citizen, saying it would work to “build a prosperous, federal, democratic union where all ethnic groups can live together peacefully.”
Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled the country in 2017 after the ongoing violent hostilities is being considered as a possible genocideAung San Suu Kyi’s government has previously defended its actions, even traveling to The Hague to testify.
On Thursday, Peter Maurer, chairman of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), became the oldest member of the International Atomic Energy Agency to travel to Naipidau to meet with Min Aung Hlaing.
“People in Myanmar are in urgent need of protection and protection,” Maurer said in a statement.
He discussed the “use of force in security operations”, the issue of better humanitarian access to conflict zones, and the resumption of Red Cross prison visits.
Min Aung Hlaing, however, was “not committed” but did not reject Maurer’s request, the Nikkei news agency reported, citing people familiar with the meeting.
According to the new Constitution of 1982 The process of repealing or amending the Citizenship Act will be helpful in resolving the conflict in Rakhine State.
This new Citizenship Act should be based on citizenship in Myanmar at birth or at any place of birth as a child of Myanmar citizens. pic.twitter.com/wIKrxDntnP:
– Government of National Unity Myanmar (@NUGMyanmar) June 3, 2021
Meanwhile, the European Union envisages a new round of sanctions in the coming days against the ruling generals and their economic interests.
“A third round of sanctions is being prepared in the coming days,” EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell told Reuters during a visit to Akarta on Thursday.
“The effort to find a political solution to the situation in Myanmar belongs to ASEAN,” Borrell told reporters.
The international community has supported ASEAN as a mediator, but some Western powers have also imposed sanctions to punish military leaders for their economic interests.
Neither sanctions nor diplomacy, however, have had a clear impact on the military, which claims a coup that ended 10 years of pre-democratic reform will lead to “disciplined democracy.”
The killings also continued, with the military calling him a “terrorist” group instead of talking to the NUG.
The army came to power after a former election commission denied allegations of fraud in the November election, which the NLD won by crushing. The generals arrested high-ranking members of the Aung San Suu Kyi civilian administration hours before the announcement of the seizure of power.
Recognition of Rohingya
The United Nations has opposed the military’s efforts, calling for greater unity with the country’s national minorities, calling on the Rohingya to help oust the coup leaders while promising them citizenship and repatriation to a future democratic Myanmar.
“We invite the Rohingya to join hands with the rest of us to take part in this spring revolution against military dictatorship,” the group said in a statement.
The new policy proposal is a complete turning point for Aung San Suu Kyi’s allies, given that in the past his NLD government avoided even using the term “Rohingya” instead of calling the minority “Muslims living in Rakhine”.
The United Nations also promised to end the 1982 The Citizenship Act discriminated against Rohingya, promising that all Myanmar-born or Myanmar-born citizens would be granted citizenship.
The group said it was committed to repatriating hundreds of thousands of Rohingya tortured in camps in Bangladesh “as soon as repatriation can be carried out voluntarily, safely and with dignity.”
More than 740,000 Rohingya have fled across the Bangladeshi border following a bloody military campaign in 2017 that the UN condemned as ethnic cleansing.
The Invarians claimed that his actions were justified in order to eradicate Rohingya fighters after a series of deadly attacks on police stations, and denied all allegations of illegal actions.
More than 600,000 Rohingya remain largely stateless in the western state of Rakhine State, confined to either camps or their villages; many are unable to receive medical care.